GRADUATE SCHOOL OF SOCIAL SCIENCESSETTLEMENT ARCHAEOLOGY


Courses

M.S. PROGRAM IN SETTLEMENT ARCHAEOLOGY

 

Required Courses

 

SA        501     Theory in Archaeology                      

SA        505     Geoarchaeology                                

SA        510     Spatial Analysis in Archaeology        

SA        512     Environmental Archaeology              

SA        598     Field Methods in Archaeology I         

SA        597     Field Methods in Archaeology II        

SA        500     Seminar in Settlement Archaeology (NC)

SA        599     Thesis (NC)

 

Elective Courses

 

 

SA        502     Artefact Analysis and Quantification                     

SA        503     Anatolian Archaeology                                            

SA        506     Workshop in Settlement Archaeology                     

SA        509     Human Biological and Cultural Evolution: Archaeological

                        Approaches, Theory and Interpretation                  

SA        514     GIS Applications in Settlement Archaeology           

SA        518     Archaeology as Anthropology                                  

SA        527     Aerial Archaeology                                                   

SA        528     Landscape Analysis for Archaeologists                   

SA        531     Experimental Archaeology                                       

AH       535     Seminar in Greek Architecture                                 

AH       536     Seminar in Roman Architecture                               

ARCH  422     Classical Antiquity in Anatolia                                  

ARCH  482     Conservation of Archaeological Sites                       

ARME  501     General Archaeometry                                              

ARME  540     Conservation and Restoration of Archaeological Objects 

ARME  541     Archaeological Materials and Their Properties    

CP       517     Issues in Urban Archaeology           

GEOE  528     Remote Sensing         

GEOE  560     Rocks and Minerals in Archaeological Studies       

HIST    540     Analysis of Historical Sources

SOC     523     Data Analysis 

 

 

 

 

DESCRIPTION OF COURSES

 

 

SA        501     Theory in Archaeology         

The goal of this course is to familiarise the student with the theoretical and methodological developments in the field of archaeology.  The intellectual foundations of archaeological research and how material culture is investigated, analyzed and interpreted will be discussed. Current trends, problems in theory of archaeology, modern interpretative techniques constitute the main issues at stake. The interdisciplinarity of archaeological study will be emphasized through both theoretical and methodological approaches.

 

SA        502     Artefact Analysis and Quantification          

This course is an introduction to analysis and quantification of archaeological artefacts. It discusses research questions, interpretation and social significance of artefacts as well as analytical methods to be used so as to identify, record and present information correctly for a finds report. Topics include: theoretical issues on artefact analysis; extracting meaning from the artefact; changes in artefact style and its relation to culture; issues of methodology; establishing parameters for the analysis; quantification; illustration of artefacts; practical work; reporting on the results of practical work.

SA        503     Anatolian Archaeology          

This course aims at introducing the archaeological data from Anatolia pertaining to the period from ca. 10.000 BC through the end of the Byzantine Period.  This elementary course will focus on the settlements and the material culture discovered at these settlements in an attempt to provide a background to students of the Settlement Archaeology Graduate Program that come from departments other than Archaeology.  While it is a good review for the students of our program, students from other programs who are interested in the ancient cultures of Anatolia may benefit greatly from this course.

 

 

SA        505     Geoarchaeology         

This course discusses paleo-morphological and geological processes as applied to settlement archaeology. The main topics of the course include environmental systems, natural formation processes, spatial context of the sites in their physical settings, human impact on the landscape, paleo-environmental reconstructions.

 

SA        506     Workshop in Settlement Archaeology        

This course concentrates on advanced research methods relevant to settlement archaeology. The course aims to teach the students methods of scientific research, verbal-visual communication and team work skills of settlement archaeology applied on site. The main topics of the course include field survey design/applied techniques, excavation management methods, data management, relative/absolute dating methods and cultural resource management. The students will be familiarised with case studies of classical sites from Anatolian archaeology.

 

SA        509     Human Biological and Cultural Evolution: Archaeological

                        Approaches, Theory and Interpretation    

This course examines archaeological theories about the development of human society. The main element is the debate about what constitutes the driven force in any given social formation. This is illustrated with archaeological examples mainly of early periods . There is a particular emphasis on the natural environments, as this is perceived as the main force by several archaeologists. Some modern trends advocating that the study of ancient societies could help present societies to plan better their future are also presented.

 

SA        510     Spatial Analysis in Archaeology

This course introduces the basic concepts, assumptions and methods of data collection, however the primary focus is on spatial analysis at regional, local and intra-site scales and within social and ecological contexts. Throughout the course, we will survey various methods of data identification, collection and analysis which are used to interpret artifact distributions at various geographical frames from intra-site to regional scales. In doing so, we will pay particular attention to theories that inform the development and use of different interpretations.

 

 

SA        512     Environmental Archaeology            

This course deals with the study of past environment and landscapes of Middle East and Balkans and their implications for settlement archaeology. Major topics of the course include past environments on a global scale, paleo-climates, the evolution of coastal areas and sea levels through time, investigation of the past landscapes, reconstructing the plant environment, polynology, macrobotanical remains, the animal environment, microfauna and macrofaunal remains, the human environment, and the human impact on various environmental contexts.

 

SA        514     GIS Applications in Settlement Archaeology          

The aim of this course is to acquaint students with the great potential offered by GIS for the investigation of spatial relationship in archaeological data. The course consists of two parts: In part I, basic concepts and characteristics of GIS are discussed. Basic features of GIS, such as  Digital Terrain Models, which have direct relevance to archaeology are stressed.

Part II deals with archaeological applications of GIS. Using case studies the potentials of GIS as a research tool will be discussed, e.g. site catchment analysis and archaeological site inventory systems. Students will have the opportunity to gain practical experience in the use of GIS using archaeological data which is available at the data bank of the METU museum.

 

SA        518      Archaeology as Anthropology

This course traces the history of archaeological thought and explore  the diversity of theoretical approaches that comprise the modern field of archaeology. The course introduces students to the major issues of archaeology and the schools of thought that continue to influence archaeological debates around those issues, in a historical context.

    

SA        522      Advanced Topics in Environmental Archaeology  

This course examines the contribution of environmental evidence to archaeological debates in a broader view. It takes examples of major archaeologically visible events and social- economical formations (such as Neolithisation, Urbanisation, Collapse of Cultures, Trade, Social Stratification, Rituals) and looks at the information that can be introduced to the archaeological enquiry by animal/plant data. The course is not "period" centered; in contrast, it aims to present environmental "approaches" in wider archaeological problems which are then generic and can be applied to various contexts and dates according to the interest of student.

 

SA        527      Aerial Archaeology   

Aerial photography is a useful and powerful tool to identify natural and/or artificial features existing on the earth’s surface. Archaeological information can be easily extracted from aerial photographs both by 3D (stereoscopic) analysis and from scanned photographs on the screen. The main objective of the course is to train students in the interpretation of aerial photographs for the identification of these features.

 

SA        528      Landscape Analysis for Archaeologists       

Archaeology program Several undergraduate /graduate courses are offered in the university that involve certain field studies. Most of the students in these courses have a general difficulty in the recognition of physiographic features of earth’s surface. Graduate students particularly in Settlement are believed to be familiar with morphological features and natural processes that exist in the vicinity of a site. The main objective of this course is, therefore, to teach and introduce basic features and earth’s surface to the student and to enable him/her to interpret topographic maps and extract information from landforms that surround the site.

 

SA        531      Experimental Archaeology   

A project designs for research to study the agricultural and domestic economy of Bronze and Iron Age in Anatolia. Experiments conceived out of the archaeological data to explore the questions raised by archaeologists.

 

 

SA        597       Field Methods in Archaeology II

The students are expected to participate in archaeological work (survey or excavation) during the summer months and in the context of this course they are expected write a report including daily activities, documentation on excavation, samples of database, drawings and other practical activities they were involved in.

 

SA        598       Field Methods in Archaeology I

This course will provide hands-on experience in the field to students of archaeology. Field practice will be conducted on campus during when the students will actively participate in documentation, measuring, mapping, drawing and surveying. It is intended as a preparation for actual archaeological filed work expected from the students in the following summer months.

PHD PROGRAM IN SETTLEMENT ARCHAEOLOGY


Required Courses

 

SA        501     Theory in Archaeology                                                                     

SA        505     Geoarchaeology                                                                               

SA        510     Spatial Analysis in Archaeology                                                    

SA        512     Environmental Archaeology                                                                        

SA        560     Landscape Archaeology                                                                  

SA        566     Current Approaches in Archaeological Research                          

SA        600     Advanced Seminar in Settlement Archaeology (NC)                        

SA        699     Thesis (NC)                                                                                  

 

 

Elective Courses

 

Theory and Interpretation (Group 1)

SA        518     Cultural Anthropology                                                                      

SA        561     Issues in Archaeological Heritage Management                            

SA        562     Issues in Archaeology. Power, Politics and Ethnicity                     

SA        563     Social Representations in Archaeology. The Cognitive  Approach                                   

SA        564     Advanced Issues in Anatolian Archaeology                                    

 

Practice (Group 2)

SA        502     Artefact Analysis and Quantification                                              

SA        506     Workshop in Settlement Archaeology                                            

SA        514     GIS Applications in Settlement Archaeology                                  

SA        531     Experimental Archaeology                                                              

ARCH  482     Conservation of Archaeological Sites                                      

ARME  540     Conservation and Restoration of Archaeological Objects             

ARME  541     Archaeological Materials and Their Properties                             

GEOE  528     Remote Sensing                                                                                 

GEOE  560     Rocks and Minerals in Archaeological Studies                               

                                   

Environment and Settlement (Group 3)

SA        503     Anatolian Archaeology                                                                      

SA        509     Human Biological and Cultural Evolution: Archaeological Approaches, Theory and Interpretation

SA        527     Aerial Archaeology                                                                            

SA        528     Landscape Analysis for Archaeologists                                           

SA        565     Domestic Archaeology                                                                      

AH       521     Themes on Ancient Domestic Architecture                                    

AH       535     Seminar in Greek Architecture                                                        

AH       536     Seminar in Roman Architecture                                                     

AH       543     Anatolian Seljuk Architecture (11-14th Centuries)                      

AH       655     Spaces and Practices of Displaying the Past                                  

ARCH  422     Classical Antiquity in Anatolia                                                           

CP       517     Issues in Urban Archaeology                                                           

 

 

 

DESCRIPTION OF COURSES

 

 

SA        560     Landscape Archaeology

While archaeological data has to be recorded as a fixed entity in space and time, the reality is that the human encounter with the landscape has cultural dimensions that are quite fluid and complex. Archaeology provides unique insight to understand the cultural construction of landscapes in terms of people’s sense of place, time, power, memory, imagination and identity. Therefore, throughout the course we will be surveying theories and methods that will bridge the gap between the physical reality of data and the cultural logic behind the people’s relationship to their surroundings.

SA        561     Issues in Archaeological Heritage Management    

“Heritage” is a concept that is constructed at the intersection of the global, national and local politics. This course introduces students to this contestation and the ambigous nature of the concept, while it attempts to anchore the practice of archaeological heritage management in the ethics and responsibilities of the archaeologist.  

 

SA        562     Issues in Archaeology, Power, Politics and Ethnicity        

Archaeological evidence, especially deriving from the Classical period, is often very generous in providing us with information on exercise of power, sometimes by individuals and at other times by groups of people, the role of power politics in the form and function of settlements, and not so generous but still informative on questions of identity.  While the archaeological data opens a window into the past applications of power, politics and ethnicity, we archaeologists add yet another perspective to the study of ancient settlements with our own biases originating from the quiet power struggles and rejuvenated national identities of our times.  In this course, these two perspectives, one from the past into the future and the other from today into the past will be examined through their impact on ancient settlements and our perception of them today.

 

SA        563     Social Representations in Archaeology, the Cognitive Approach 

The course contains two parts. Different approaches and methods of the cognitive archaeology will be discussed in theoretical part.  The second shows samples from Neolithic Period to the Late Bronze Age and includes ethnographical and historical samples. An emphasis is on the analysis of settlement structures. The goal of the course is to impart the basics of the cognitive archaeology with regard to social representations.

 

SA        564     Advanced Issues in Anatolian Archaeology            

The course is aimed to develop students’ critical abilities through intensive study of current issues in Anatolian archaeology. Archaeological theory such as “explanations of culture change” and relationship between “ethnicity and “material culture” will be approached through case studies, partially in a seminar format.

 

SA        565     Domestic Archaeology          

The lecture has the main emphasis on the reconstruction of activities in houses/settlements and the interpretation of archaeological findings (Neolithic to Early Iron Age, approximately 8000-800 BC cal.).

 

SA        566     Current Approaches in Archaeological Research 

This course aims to prepare the students for the PhD qualification exam and is directed towards reviewing archaeological research by focusing on critical evaluation of contemporary theories and methods. It aims to equip students with the tools of studying a topic comprehensively to develop their own research techniques and interpretations.